An indoor garden has several names, including a hothouse, conservatory, nursery, terrarium, indoor arboretum, or greenhouse. Indoor gardening helps create an artificial environment for gardening in your home, especially for those residing in apartments or homes with no land. This practice is also beneficial for those who desire to have fresh produce during cold winter months.
This article highlights the benefits and types of indoor garden designs and their requirements. Read On!
What Are The Benefits Of Indoor Gardening?
Indoor gardening is cheaper compared to outdoor gardening and has more advantages including;
It Is An Economic Practice.
Indoor gardening needs little space and fewer tools than outdoor gardening. Since you cannot plant many crops in the indoor garden, you will spend less on seeds, fertilizers, and tending the plants. Unlike outdoor gardening that requires a lot of equipment to prepare and care for the crops, an indoor garden needs only a few containers, soil, a trowel, and gloves.
But, you can invest in a seed starter kit to help you start growing vegetables and flowers that you can later transplant outside during the spring.
An Indoor Garden Promotes Your Emotional Wellbeing.
Indoor plants and flowers can help promote your wellbeing emotionally, primarily if you work from home. Seeing colorful flowers helps to rejuvenate your spirit, making you happy and thus relieving some pressures from work. You can place a pot of flowers in the window to remind you that seasons will change significantly if you are confined inside by the weather.
It Is A Source Of Fresh Air.
Indoor plants are a great source of fresh air inside your home. Since plants give off oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide, having them around aids in clean air circulation. Some plants are also good at absorbing contaminants in the environment, especially for airtight homes.
To get a maximum supply of fresh air in your home, you can have a plant in each room and try different types of flowers and plants. Some of the plants to plant indoors include the spider plant and pothos. These plants are not only low-maintenance but also hard to kill. You may also choose orchid, which is fun, inexpensive, readily available, and comes in various colors to choose from.
Succulents and cactus also come in handy when you want different sizes and shapes. You can also plant them in a hanging or regular pot.
It Provides Fresh Supplies For Your Kitchen.
If you love cooking, you get to use fresh herbs from your garden instead of using dried ones. You can plant mint in a pot, place it on your windowsill, and use it with your drinking water, or add it to your tea. You may also try fresh basil from your indoor garden, which makes a great addition to your spaghetti sauce or pizza. Adding freshly-chopped chives from an indoor garden gives your canned soup an upgrade that will make you enjoy sipping.
It Is An Excellent Addition To Flowering Plants.
An indoor garden helps you add a variety of flowering plants, especially if you love natural beauty. You may try poinsettia, which thrives well in the winter and continues growing long after. This plant comes in many shades that appeal to each color scheme in your home and is also a great holiday flowering plant that will thrive in the soil or water.
Amaryllis flowers come in different shades but mainly pink, red, or white. You can also try planting hyacinths, tulips, and daffodils in pots to add sweet scents to your home, especially from hyacinths. You may also go for a miniature rose plant, an excellent indoor option during winter, but it can also do well outdoors during spring.
An Indoor Garden Gives You An Option To Choose What You Want
An indoor garden gives you the freedom to plant what you love and choose where to keep it. You will need to select an area in your home with adequate lighting. The indoor garden enables you to control the exposure of your veggies to herbicides and pesticides, which helps you go free of chemicals and get organic products.
You will also have the freedom to pick the colors and sizes that you desire for your plants, and you can teach your kids about plants. An indoor garden makes it enjoyable and easy to pick and use what you love whenever you want it.
What Are The Different Indoor Garden Designs?
Different garden designs and types are available for you to consider depending on your desire, abilities, and space available. The following are the common types;
Window Herb Design
This type of indoor garden design allows you to grow herbs in your kitchen window. You may add a sound effect of colored pots with a combination of green herbs against the blue sky. Besides the beauty that this design adds to your kitchen, it also helps you prepare healthy meals by using freshly cut herbs.
Air-plant Indoor Garden Design
If you are the type that has no time or liking for tendering green plants, then an air-plant indoor garden is your go-to design. It is easy to care for these plants since you only need to take them outside once every week and submerge them in water to soak them. Allow them to remain soaked in water for thirty minutes before removing and shaking them a little. You will then set the container in a brightly-lit spot with enough air circulation to dry off.
For optimum performance, you can place the plants under fluorescent lighting or an indirect source of sunlight.
Hydroponic is a form of indoor garden design that does not use soil. The plant roots are grown in nutrient-enriched water, providing an organic coolness. This indoor garden is quite convenient, especially in places where the soil is not easy to come by or when you do not want to deal with it completely.
What Are The Requirements For An Indoor Garden?
There are essential requirements for setting up an indoor garden, including;
The Appropriate Spot
You need to identify the right spot in your home for indoor plants to thrive in. This area needs to receive enough direct or indirect light from the sun. Since some plants may not survive without sunlight, it could be a challenge to get natural lighting inside the house.
It is, therefore, necessary to choose the right herbs or plants for your indoor garden, depending on their need for light. You may also have to keep moving your plants according to the illumination in the house.
The Right Type Of Soil
Most indoor plants thrive in light and fluffy soil with proper drainage. So, if you want to grow plants under direct sunlight, choose medium-weight soil. Conversely, lightweight soil will be ideal if you go for hanging plants that do not need direct sunlight. You will also pick the soil’s texture depending on the arrangement of your crops and how much water retention you need for the plants.
Most if not all plants require enough amounts of water for their survival. But, some plants need more water than others, and it is necessary to find out their needs. As a rule of the thumb, try to water your crops anytime you feel like they are drying out. You can poke your finger in the soil to check the drainage level, then apply water as necessary.
Make sure that your plants remain well hydrated but do not soak them.
Organic fertilizers are essential for the growth of plants, including those growing indoors. Be sure to give the crops a regular supply of organic materials to keep them healthy. You may also apply organic fertilizers any time you realize that the crops are dying out.
Enough Light, Humidity, And Temperature
Your indoor plants also need to be exposed to the right amount of humidity, temperature, and light for healthy growth. If your home does not have adequate direct sunlight, you can try using fluorescent lights or HID bulbs. The right temperature and humidity level are also crucial for the proper growth of your indoor plants.
Inadequate moisture levels may cause your plants to turn yellow or brown. You can rectify this situation by putting the plants together to develop a microenvironment increasing the humidity level of the plants.
What Are Some Differences Between Outdoor And Indoor Plants?
The following table shows the main differences between indoor and outdoor plants in terms of requirements.
Indoor Plants Requirements
Outdoor Plants Requirements
You will have to control the climate for proper growth.
You don’t need to worry about the climate as the plants can endure any climate change.
The plants need little space to grow.
More space is needed for the plants to thrive.
You need to supply water regularly to the plants and be careful not to soak them.
You don’t need to water regularly since the plants can get water from the rain.
Preparation of the soil is simple and not time-consuming.
Adequate preparation of the soil is needed, which can be tedious.
An indoor garden has several benefits besides improving the aesthetic value of your home. You will get a constant supply of fresh veggies, organic food, and clean air. You can practice indoor gardening regardless of the size of your home or how accessible it is to sunlight since there are a variety of plants available.