Why are Tiny Houses Illegal? (Reasons Explained)

Some states in America deem tiny houses illegal because they are hard to regulate, especially in zoning and safety. Again it is hard for some cities to decide whether the tiny houses should be legally considered a home or a recreational cabin, vehicle or shed.   

However, some states allow the building of tiny homes, but with strict laws to govern them. This has caused an increase in the demand for tiny houses as people realize that they can live in smaller homes with lower bills. So, many young families are exchanging their big American dream homes for tiny houses. 

But, some states are still adamant about legalizing them. Please read below to know the reasons and whether or not it is worth investing in tiny houses. 

Why are tiny houses prohibited in some states?

They are not allowed by the state’s building codes

The states put up regulations against building tiny houses because they are yet to accept their practicality. Another reason for rejecting tiny houses is the lack of resources to validate the movement that comes with house owners.

However, tiny house communities that are relentless enough have made their grievances heard and persuaded their state government to allow them to build. Despite the efforts, the states that allow tiny houses always put up new strict governing laws to prevent the mushrooming of such structures. 

The department of housing and urban development (HUD) is against them

In the United States, the most famous tiny houses are those with a foundation or wheels. They are considered an RV, and thus department of housing and urban development (HUD) doesn’t approve them as homes. 

And, since the state relies on federal government aid to regulate some policies and codes, they may feel that allowing tiny houses in their state would become a burden. In case of anything, the HUD would be reluctant to assist in regulating them.

It is challenging for the state to regulate tiny houses

Firms that build tiny houses have many years of experience, but their credibility and compliance with other building codes are questionable. Housing codes regarding zoning, security, and privacy are still unsettled regarding tiny houses.

All this speculation and assumptions do not mean that tiny houses are unsafe. It means that the state does not see them as well equipped to satisfy living standards in America. The safety issue with tiny houses is mainly ventilation, space, movement of air, and moisture retention in the walls. All these issues are seen as dangerous and challenging to regulate hence the refusal to legalize the building of tiny houses.

Curb the greed of landlords and landowners

The tinier the house, the less space it will consume. The landowners may take advantage of fitting as many tiny homes as they can on their land. Consequently, they may exceed the limit set for the number of properties allowed on a piece of land. Hence, there is a need for strict laws to prevent the issue, such as shotgun-style houses in New Orleans.

Shotgun style houses are tiny homes with a width less than 12 feet.

Rules against recreational vehicles (RVs)

A tiny house on wheels is referred to as an RV; campers and trailers also fall in this category. Many states do not allow parking and use of such.

What size of a house is considered tiny

Tiny houses are identified by their size and may vary from state to state. However, most states consider a house 600 square feet or less as tiny. But, most tiny houses for sale in most US states are 225 square feet, approximately eight times smaller than traditional homes. However, physically you might not even feel that your house is tiny because they are designed to feel bigger from inside. 

Is it beneficial to live in a tiny house?

People who have owned and lived in tiny houses attest to their many benefits. These include;

Lower expenses

Constructing a tiny house is far cheaper than a full-sized one. It will cost you $23,000 to build a tiny house compared to $272,000 for a full-sized one. When you cut back on building costs, you can use the extra money for luxuries, save for retirement or work less.

Besides, tiny houses don’t have room for luxuries forcing the owners to live a simple life. They only own the essentials reducing the expenses on excess and sometimes unnecessary stuff. 

Lower energy use

Tiny houses have everything reduced, even the cost of living. The utilities like bills for electricity, water, fuel and waste disposal will be much lower. You can decide to use a small solar array for power and a small wood stove for heating to avoid electricity costs. 

No mortgage 

Most people in the US can’t afford to own a home without taking a mortgage. This adds to the long term cost of living, which burdens the people. But, you can own a tiny house free and clear through your savings.  

Environmental friendly 

 Also, for people worried about their carbon footprint and reducing pollution, a tiny house is the best choice for you. With the reduced space, maintenance, cleaning, and use of resources that affect the environment, pollution goes down.

Easier maintenance 

It is easy to maintain tiny houses due to less space to clean and few appliances to repair. Consequently, you spend less time on chores and extra on hobbies, work and relationships. 

Freedom of movement 

Many small homes are built on trailers making it easy to relocate without giving up the comfort of a home. 

What are the disadvantages of having a tiny house?

Living in a tiny house is not all time a bed of roses. Here are a few drawbacks;

  • Limited living space 
  • There is reduced storage space.
  • Strict zoning rules.
  • Limited hosting guests capabilities
  • Practicability, especially when the number of family members increases
  • The resale value never goes up.
  • The tiny houses are prone to fires.

Why do tiny houses rules differ from one state to the other?

Rules regarding tiny houses building codes differ from one state to the other. This is mainly due to market strategy, property tax, and developers who come together and regulate or plan how they would like their state to look. Sometimes, this planning and regulation do not merge well with the tiny house style of buildings.

States that allow the construction of tiny houses also put up codes to ensure they are built a specific way. But, some local ordinances still push back the idea of tiny houses as they do not want mushrooming of such structures in their environs. 

How do I know if my state allows the building of tiny houses?

Before you decide whether to build a traditional or tiny house, you must be sure that your state allows it. Your local county clerk’s office or any construction company can easily give you all the information regarding building rules.

You can also Google to see whether the state you are in allows building tiny houses. 

How do tiny houses access amenities like electricity and water?

Just like a traditional house, tiny houses have plumbing and electrical wiring. Small homeowners can also opt for other sources of power such as solar panels and wind. However, the rules imposed are strict to increase safety in these tiny houses.

Is it economical to buy or build a tiny home?

Is it economical to buy or build a tiny home

Overall, it is more economical to build than buy a tiny house as the sellers will seek to make a profit. The average cost of building a tiny home is 300 dollars per square foot.

The cost will vary based on the factors highlighted below: 

  • Size of the house, the smaller the tiny house gets, the cheaper it costs.
  • Whether the house will be on wheels or a foundation.
  • Cost of building permits.
  • The building materials.
  • Type of amenities you want in the home.

Final Thought

The tiny houses are illegal in some states as they are deemed less practical and associated with low quality of living standards. However, states that allow tiny houses have seen their advantages and support the homeowners. There are also strict and rigid rules that help regulate the building and management of small homes to prevent the mushrooming of such structures. If you wish to own one, research to ensure your states allow and adhere to their building codes.

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